Special Programme for Promotion of Millets in Tribal Areas
"Reviving Millets in Farms and on Plates"

 

 

Pearl-Millet-Bajra-Kambu

Pearl millet is the most widely grown type of millet and India is largest producer of pearl millet. Pearl millet is a rich source of phosphorus, which plays an important part in the structure of body cells. Consumption of pearl millets helps in minimizing the risk of type 2 diabetes. Being a good source of magnesium, millets act as a cofactor in a number of enzymatic reactions.

Finger-Millet-Nachani-Kezhvaragu

Also known as African finger millet, red millet, ragi and very popular millet specially in Southern India. It is rich in calcium and protein and also have good amount of iron and other minerals. Ragi tops in antioxidant activity among common Indian foods, Ragi also has some good number of Essential Amino Acids (EAA) which are essential for human body.

Foxtail-Millet-Kangni-Tenai

Foxtail millets are high in Iron content and these millets are totally pest-free. Foxtail not only not need any fumigants, but act as anti pest agents to store delicate pulses such as green gram. They also control blood sugar and cholesterol levels & increase HDL cholesterol.

Kodo-Millet-Kodra-Varagu

Kodo millets contain high amounts of polyphenols, an antioxidant compound, they also has high on fibre, low on fat. Kodo millet inhibited glycation and cross-linking of collagen. Kodo millets are good for diabetes.

Little-Millet-Kutki-Samai

Little Millets seeds are smaller than other millets, like foxtail millet, little millet also high in Iron content, high in fibre like Kodo and has high antioxidant activity. It helps in diabetes and diseases related stomach.

Baryard-Millets-Jhangora-Kuthiravali

Barnyard millets are high in fibre content, phosporous and calcium. Bardyard has low glycemic index and thus helps in type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease with regular intake of this millet.

Sorghum-Jowar-Cholam

Sorghum is another one of the ancient cereal grain, and grown mostly for their fodder value. Sorghum has high nutritional value, with high levels of unsaturated fats, protein, fiber, and minerals like phosphorus, potassium, calcium, and iron. It's also high in calories and macronutrients, jowar has more antioxidants than blueberries and pomegranates. Sorghum helps to improve metabolism

Millets are not very popular other than Bajra, Jowar and Ragi and in all the millets Bajra (Pearl Millet) is most popular. Now a days millets are again gaining it's movement and people bringing more aware of it and today we going to learn about few millets which we can include in our diet, there are plenty of other millets too which hopefully we can cover some time soon.

Millets are a group of highly variable small-seeded grasses, widely grown around the world as cereal crops/ grains. Millet is tiny in size and round in shape and can be white, gray, yellow or red like you can see in pictures. Millets are very high in their nutrition content. Each millets are three to five times nutritionally superior to rice and wheat in terms of proteins, minerals and vitamins. Millets are rich in B vitamins, calcium, iron, potassium, magnesium, zinc, also gluten-free and has low-GI (Glycemic index) thus millets are suitable for people allergies/intolerance of wheat. Also for diabetic, weight loss millets are excellent.

For thousands of years, millets has been growing such as Pearl millet, Barnyard millet, Sorghum, Foxtail millet, Little millet, Kodo millet, Proso millet and now ANI (Millet Network of India) promotes milets as Nutri-cereals instead of Coarse Cereals. Here some interesting facts about millets other than that they are gluten-free, highly nutritious, millets need very little water for their production, short growing period under dry, high temperature conditions and that's why in India, Africa, Asia millets are more popular. Millets also required rich soils for growth, no millet attracts any pest hence they have no or low fertilizer usage and pest-free.

Find below more about these millets, main sources are from googlewikiwhfoods.

English

Pearl Millet

Finger Millet

Foxtail Millet

Kodo Millet

Little Millet

Barnyard Millet

Sorghum

Scientific

Pennisetum glaucum

Eleusine coracana

Setaria italica

Paspalum scrobiculatum

Panicum sumatrense

Echinochloa spp.

Sorghum bicolor

Oriya

Bajra

Mandia

Kanghu, 
Kangam,
Kora

Kodua

Suan Gurji

 

Khira

Juara

 

ବଜ୍ର

ମାଣ୍ଡିଆ

କନଗହଉ
କାଙ୍ଗମ
କୋରା

କଡୁଆ

ସୁଆଁ ଗୁରଜି

କ୍ଷୀର

ଜୁଆର

Hindi

Bajra

Nachani, Mundua, Mandika, Marwah

Kangni, 
Kakum,
Rala

Koden,
Kodra

Kutki,
Shavan

Jhangora,
Sanwa

Jowar

Tamil

Kambu

Kezhvaragu,
Kelvaragu, 
Keppai,
Ragi

Thinai

Varagu

Saamai

Kuthiravali (Kuthiraivolly)

Cholam

Telugu

Sajjalu

Ragula,
Ragi Chodi

Korra

Arikelu,
Arika

Sama,
Samalu

Udalu, Kodisama

Jonna

Kannada

Sajje

Ragi

Navane

Harka

Saame,
Save

Oodalu

Jola

Malayalam

Kambam

Panji Pullu

Thina

Koovaragu

Chama

Kavadapullu

Cholam

Marathi

Bajri

Nagli, 
Nachni

Kang, 
Rala

Kodra

Sava, 
Halvi, 
Vari

-

Jowari, 
Jondhala

Punjabi

Bajra

Mandhuka, 
Mandhal

Kangni

Kodra

Swank

Swank

Jowar

Gujarati

Bajri

Nagli, 
Bavto

Kang

Kodra

Gajro,
Kuri

-

Jowari, 
Juar

Bengali

Bajra

Marwa

Kaon

Kodo

Sama

Shyama

Jowar

Millets are available in Organic shops and also in some super markets specially in India. Store millet in an airtight container in a cool, dry and dark place, where it will keep for several months.

Millets are rich in B vitamins, calcium, iron, potassium, magnesium, zinc, also gluten-free
Helps to lower type 2 diabetic and reduces the risk of heart disease
Millets are a great source of starch, making it a high-energy food. It is also an excellent source of protein and fiber. 
Millets are mostly pest-free and low-fertilizer used in growth (widely comes in Organic form).

Millets can be cooked as we make rice and serve with dal, sambar, rasam or any curry of our choice. We can also make various dosa, idli, upma, pongal, pulao, sweets from millets, we can also be use in baking. Some millet recipes under this project so we can include millets in our diet in more exciting way. Click here >>

Crop / Nutrient

Protein (g)

Fat (g)

Fiber (g)

Minerals (g)

Iron (mg)

Calcium (mg)

Calories  (kcal)

Pearl Millet

Pennisetum glaucum

10.6

4.8

1.3

2.3

16.9

38

378

Finger Millet

Eleusine coracana

7.3

1.5

3.6

2.7

3.9

344

336

Foxtail Millet

Setaria italica

12.3

4

8

3.3

2.8

31

473

Kodo Millet

Paspalum scrobiculatum

8.3

3.6

9

2.6

0.5

27

309

Little Millet

Panicum sumatrense

7.7

5.2

7.6

1.5

9.3

17

207

Barnyard Millet

Echinochloa spp.

11.2

3.9

10.1

4.4

15.2

11

342

Sorghum

Sorghum bicolor

10.4

3.1

2

1.6

5.4

25

329

Proso Millet

Panicum miliaceum

12.5

2.9

2.2

1.9

0.8

14

356

Rice

Oryza sativa

6.8

2.7

0.2

0.6

0.7

10

362

Wheat

Triticum

11.8

2

1.2

1.5

5.3

41

348

@ 2017 - Special Programme for Promotion of Millets in Tribal Areas, Department of Agriculture and Food Production (Government of Odisha) and NCDS & WASSAN