Special Programme for Promotion of Millets in Tribal Areas

"Reviving Millets in Farms and on Plates"

         

 

 

Pearl-Millet-Bajra-Kambu

Pearl millet is the most widely grown millet in India. In fact India is the largest producer of pearl millet. Pearl millet is a rich source of phosphorus, (helps synthesize protein, part of fat molecules which cells use to make membranes). Consumption of pearl millets helps minimize risk of type 2 diabetes. It is also a good source of magnesium (act as a co-factor in a number of enzymatic reactions)

Finger-Millet-Nachani-Kezhvaragu

Also known as African finger millet/red millet/ragi is very popular, especially in Southern India. It is rich in calcium and protein and also have good amount of iron and other minerals. Ragi is a great antioxidant and has Essential Amino Acids (EAA) that are essential for the human body. Foxtail millets are high in Iron. They also control blood sugar and cholesterol levels & increase HDL cholesterol. They are totally pest-free and do not need any fumigants. In fact they act as anti pest agents to store delicate pulses such as green gram.

Foxtail-Millet-Kangni-Tenai

Foxtail millets are high in Iron. They also control blood sugar and cholesterol levels & increase HDL cholesterol. They are totally pest-free and do not need any fumigants. In fact they act as anti pest agents to store delicate pulses such as green gram.

Kodo-Millet-Kodra-Varagu

Kodo millets contain high amounts of polyphenols, an antioxidant compound. They are high on fibre, low on fat and is good for diabetics. Kodo millet inhibits glycation and cross-linking of collagen.

Little-Millet-Kutki-Samai

Little Millet is smaller than other millets, but high in Iron and fibre. It is a great antioxidant and helps in managing diabetes and stomach disorders.

Baryard-Millets-Jhangora-Kuthiravali

Barnyard millet is high in fibre, phosporous and calcium. It has low glycemic index and helps manage type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.

Sorghum-Jowar-Cholam

Sorghum/Jowar is another ancient cereal grain, grown mostly for fodder. It has high levels of unsaturated fats, protein, fiber, and minerals like phosphorus, potassium, calcium, and iron. It is a great antioxidant (more than blueberries and pomegranates), high in calories and macronutrients and helps improve metabolism.

Millets are not very popular other than Bajra, Jowar and Ragi and in all the millets Bajra (Pearl Millet) is most popular. Now a days millets are again gaining it's movement and people bringing more aware of it and today we going to learn about few millets which we can include in our diet, there are plenty of other millets too which hopefully we can cover some time soon.

Millets are a group of highly variable small-seeded grasses, widely grown around the world as cereal crops/ grains. They are tiny in size, round in shape and can be white, gray, yellow or red. Millets are

  • Highly nutritious and rich in Vitamin B, Calcium, Iron, Potassium, Magnesium, Zinc etc.

  • Gluten-free and have low Glycemic index (GI), making them suitable for diabetics, weight-watchers, people intolerant to wheat. Helps lower type 2 diabetes and reduces the risk of heart disease.

  • Three to five times nutritionally superior to rice and wheat in terms of proteins, minerals and vitamins.

  • Great source of starch, making it a high-energy food.

  • Excellent source of protein and fiber. 

  • Need very little water for production

  • Grow in arid and semi-arid regions

  • Pest-resistant

  • Short growing period under dry, high temperate conditions. (That's why they are very popular in Africa and Asia.)

Millets such as Pearl millet, Barnyard millet, Sorghum, Foxtail millet, Little millet, Kodo millet, Proso millet have been grown for thousands of years.

Millets other than Bajra, Jowar and Ragi are not very popular in the present day. Millet Network of India (MINI) promotes millets as nutri-cereals instead of Coarse Cereals.

Source from googlewikiwhfoods

English

Pearl Millet

Finger Millet

Foxtail Millet

Kodo Millet

Little Millet

Barnyard Millet

Sorghum

Scientific

Pennisetum glaucum

Eleusine coracana

Setaria italica

Paspalum scrobiculatum

Panicum sumatrense

Echinochloa spp.

Sorghum bicolor

Oriya

Bajra

Mandia

Kanghu, 
Kangam,
Kora

Kodua

Suan Gurji

 

Khira

Juara

 

ବଜ୍ର

ମାଣ୍ଡିଆ

କନଗହଉ
କାଙ୍ଗମ
କୋରା

କଡୁଆ

ସୁଆଁ ଗୁରଜି

କ୍ଷୀର

ଜୁଆର

Hindi

Bajra

Nachani, Mundua, Mandika, Marwah

Kangni, 
Kakum,
Rala

Koden,
Kodra

Kutki,
Shavan

Jhangora,
Sanwa

Jowar

Tamil

Kambu

Kezhvaragu,
Kelvaragu, 
Keppai,
Ragi

Thinai

Varagu

Saamai

Kuthiravali (Kuthiraivolly)

Cholam

Telugu

Sajjalu

Ragula,
Ragi Chodi

Korra

Arikelu,
Arika

Sama,
Samalu

Udalu, Kodisama

Jonna

Kannada

Sajje

Ragi

Navane

Harka

Saame,
Save

Oodalu

Jola

Malayalam

Kambam

Panji Pullu

Thina

Koovaragu

Chama

Kavadapullu

Cholam

Marathi

Bajri

Nagli, 
Nachni

Kang, 
Rala

Kodra

Sava, 
Halvi, 
Vari

-

Jowari, 
Jondhala

Punjabi

Bajra

Mandhuka, 
Mandhal

Kangni

Kodra

Swank

Swank

Jowar

Gujarati

Bajri

Nagli, 
Bavto

Kang

Kodra

Gajro,
Kuri

-

Jowari, 
Juar

Bengali

Bajra

Marwa

Kaon

Kodo

Sama

Shyama

Jowar

Millets are now readily available in most super markets and organic stores in India. Store millets in an airtight container in a cool, dry and dark place, to increase shelf life to several months.

Millets can be cooked similar to rice and used as a substitute to rice, with dal, sambar, rasam or any curry of our choice. They can also be used to make dosa, idli, upma, pongal, pulao, sweets, in fact any recipe where rice is used. They can also be used in baking. Some millet recipes that you can try out are listed for youClick here >>

Crop / Nutrient

Protein (g)

Fat (g)

Fiber (g)

Minerals (g)

Iron (mg)

Calcium (mg)

Calories  (kcal)

Pearl Millet

Pennisetum glaucum

10.6

4.8

1.3

2.3

16.9

38

378

Finger Millet

Eleusine coracana

7.3

1.5

3.6

2.7

3.9

344

336

Foxtail Millet

Setaria italica

12.3

4

8

3.3

2.8

31

473

Kodo Millet

Paspalum scrobiculatum

8.3

3.6

9

2.6

0.5

27

309

Little Millet

Panicum sumatrense

7.7

5.2

7.6

1.5

9.3

17

207

Barnyard Millet

Echinochloa spp.

11.2

3.9

10.1

4.4

15.2

11

342

Sorghum

Sorghum bicolor

10.4

3.1

2

1.6

5.4

25

329

Proso Millet

Panicum miliaceum

12.5

2.9

2.2

1.9

0.8

14

356

Rice

Oryza sativa

6.8

2.7

0.2

0.6

0.7

10

362

Wheat

Triticum

11.8

2

1.2

1.5

5.3

41

348

Special Programme for Promotion of Millets in Tribal Areas, Department of Agriculture and Food Production (Government of Odisha) and NCDS & WASSAN